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Purpose and Contribution

Multilevel Regression and Poststratification (MRP) is an increasingly popular method for analyzing surveys, and can be implemented on public datasets such as the CCES and ACS. Several helpful tutorials give introductions with sample R code (Kastellec, Lax, and Phillips, 2019; Hanretty, 2019),

But despite its increasingly popularity, doing your own MRP entails considerable upfront costs specific to the data: downloading the appropriate survey and contextual, recoding values and generating post-stratification frames so the survey and census datasets can be joined. While there already exist some attempts to make a “MRP package” (e.g. gelman/mrp, stan-dev/rstanarm, kuriwaki/sparseregMRP), often these packages define general functions with specific input requirements and not enough on data cleaning and data loading in order to use those functions.

This package instead provides data loading, processing, and formatting functions for a particular task: using CCES data for MRP. Limiting its usage to a fixed (but fairly widespread) set of survey data has several benefits. Its key contributions are functions that are calibrated to a consistent syntax, pre-built lookup tables and value-key pairs of data that are based upon a careful reading of data sources, and data loading functions that use APIs (IQSS/dataverse-client-r and walkerke/tidycensus) to reduce the dependency on downloading large files. Model fitting and visualization of MRP itself is handled elsewhere (See kuriwaki/ccesMRPrun). This package is focused on the preparation to get there.


# remotes::install_github("kuriwaki/ccesMRPprep")


See the vignettes for more long-form workflow overviews (vignette("overview")) and documentation and explanation of the nature of the data (vignette("acs")). Otherwise, each function and built-in data provides documentation as well.


See the overview vignette (vignette("overview")) from a illustrative workflow.

Data Sources

Function-specific pages will detail the documentation used in each function. Here is a manual compilaiton:

Information Source Citation and URL (if public)
CCES Covariates Cumulative CCES Shiro Kuriwaki, “Cumulative CCES Common Content”.
CCES Outcomes Each Year’s CCES Stephen Ansolabehere, Sam Luks, and Brian Schaffner. “CCES Common Content” (varies by year).
Poststratification Census Bureau ACS American Community Survey. Extracted via tidycensus package. See ACS vignette
District-level Contestedness and Incumbency Collected mainly by Jim Snyder
CD-level Presidential Voteshare Daily Kos Daily Kos, The ultimate Daily Kos Elections guide to all of our data sets
State-level Presidential Voteshare MEDSL MIT Election Data and Science Lab, 2017, “U.S. President 1976–2016”.


This package is a part of the CCES MRP project, supported by NSF Grant 1926424: Bayesian analytical tools to improve survey estimates for subpopulations and small areas. The contents are based on collaborations with Ben Bales, Lauren Kennedy, Mitzi Morris, and Soichiro Yamauchi.